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World Health Day 2011

World Health Day 2011


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The World Health Day celebrates, every April 7, the founding of the World Health Organization. Each year WHO chooses an important health issue and this year calls for action to stop the spread of antimicrobial resistance, through the adoption by all countries of six policy measures to combat this resistance.

Antimicrobial resistance or drug resistance occurs when microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites) undergo changes that make the drugs used to cure infections stop being effective. Microorganisms resistant to most antimicrobials are known as ultra-resistant, the phenomenon is of great concern because infections with resistant microorganisms can kill the patient, transmitted to other people and generate great costs for both patients and society. Resistance is a consequence of the misuse of antimicrobials, and in particular their abuse, and arises by mutation of the microorganism or acquisition of resistance genes.

Due to the inappropriate use of medicines, such as when they are taken insufficient doses or prescribed treatments are not completed. Poor quality drugs, wrong prescriptions, and poor infection prevention and control are other factors that also facilitate the emergence and spread of drug resistance. According to WHO, these are some of the factors. key factors that promote the emergence of antimicrobial resistance: - Insufficient national commitment to a comprehensive and coordinated response to the problem - Lack or weakness of surveillance systems - Inability of systems to ensure the quality and uninterrupted supply of drugs - Inappropriate and irrational use of drugs, especially in livestock.- Poor practices in the prevention and control of infections.- Shortage of means of diagnosis, medicines and vaccines, as well as deficiencies in research and development of new products.

Between Antimicrobials include antibiotics, and also some chemotherapeutic agents, antifungals, antiparasitics, and antivirals. Antimicrobials are drugs used to treat infections, whether caused by bacteria, fungi, parasites, or viruses. One of the major advances in the history of human health has been the discovery of antimicrobials, which have alleviated suffering and saved billions of lives over the past 70 years.

1. Antimicrobial resistance kills. Infections with resistant microorganisms do not respond to standard treatments, which prolongs the duration of the disease and increases the risk of death. 2. Endangers control of infectious diseases. The effectiveness of treatment is reduced and patients remain infected for a longer time, a fact that in turn favors the spread of resistant microorganisms to other people. Threat to health. There is a risk that many infectious diseases will become untreatable, that is, there is no treatment for them. Make medical care more expensive. When infections stop responding to first-line medications, you have to resort to more expensive products and hospitalization. The economic burden falls on families and society. 5. Advances in modern medicine threaten. In the absence of effective antimicrobials for treatment and prevention, the success of treatments such as organ transplantation, antineoplastic chemotherapy or major surgical interventions would be jeopardized. 6. Affects health security. Increased international travel and trade allows resistant microorganisms to spread rapidly to distant countries and continents.

- Infections caused by resistant microorganisms do not respond to ordinary treatment, resulting in prolonged illness and the risk of dying - Every year there are some 440,000 new cases of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, causing at least 150,000 deaths. resistance to antimalarials generation, such as chloroquine or sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine, is widespread in most malaria-endemic countries. high percentage of hospital infections is due to highly resistant bacteria, such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. inappropriate and irrational use of antimicrobials creates favorable conditions for the emergence, spread and persistence of resistant microorganisms.

The WHO warns that it is urgent that Let's fight antimicrobial resistance because if we don't act today, there will be no cure tomorrow. Multisectoral responses are urgently needed at the global and national levels to combat this growing threat. For this reason, WHO will call for concerted action to stop the spread of antimicrobial resistance and it will recommend a six-point policy set for governments to tackle the problem.Marisol New.

You can read more articles similar to World Health Day 2011, in the category of Childhood Illnesses on site.


Video: WHO News: World Health Day 2011 (July 2022).


Comments:

  1. Faegis

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  2. Marisar

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  3. Shaktit

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  4. Reggie

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